TÉLÉCHARGER PYGAME POUR PYTHON 3.6 GRATUIT

Sans comprendre tous les concepts, cela peut être très déroutant. Vous n'êtes pas la première personne à être bloquée ici, je ferais de mon mieux pour vous apprendre les choses étape par étape. Nous allons même essayer de terminer avec des méthodes pour garder vos animations efficaces. Notez que nous n'enseignerons pas la programmation Python dans cet article, ceci n'est qu'une introduction aux fonctions basiques de Pygame.

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We recommend installing Python on WSL when building web applications. Many of the tutorials and instructions for Python web development are written for Linux users and use Linux-based packaging and installation tools. La plupart des applications web sont également déployées sur Linux, ce qui permet de garantir la cohérence entre vos environnements de développement et de production.

Most web apps are also deployed on Linux, so this will ensure you have consistency between your development and production environments. If you are using Python for something other than web development, we recommend you install Python directly on Windows 10 using the Microsoft Store.

Dans ce cas, installez et utilisez Python directement sur Windows. Install and use Python directly on Windows for these cases. Si vous ne maîtrisez pas Python, consultez notre guide : Prise en main de Python sur Windows pour les débutants.

If you're new to Python, see our guide: Get started using Python on Windows for beginners. If you're interested in automating common tasks on your operating system, see our guide: Get started using Python on Windows for scripting and automation.

Pour certains scénarios avancés, vous pouvez télécharger une version de Python spécifique directement depuis python. For some advanced scenarios, you may want to consider downloading a specific Python release directly from python.

We only recommend this if you are a more advanced Python programmer with a specific reason for choosing an alternative implementation.

Ces étapes permettent de choisir une distribution Linux par exemple, Ubuntu. These steps will include choosing a Linux distribution for example, Ubuntu. Nous vous recommandons de mettre régulièrement à jour votre distribution Linux, notamment juste après son installation, pour être sûr que vous disposez des packages les plus récents. We recommend updating your Linux distribution regularly, including immediately after you install, to ensure you have the most recent packages.

Windows ne gère pas automatiquement cette mise à jour. Windows doesn't automatically handle this update. En savoir plus Learn more. VS Code integrates nicely with the Windows Subsystem for Linux, providing a built-in terminal to establish a seamless workflow between your code editor and your command line, in addition to supporting Git for version control with common Git commands add, commit, push, pull built right into the UI.

Téléchargez et installez VS Code pour Windows. Download and install VS Code for Windows. Not to worry, you'll still be able to integrate with your Linux command line and tools using the Remote - WSL Extension. This allows you to use WSL as your integrated development environment and will handle compatibility and pathing for you.

Important Si vous avez déjà installé VS Code, vous devez vous assurer que vous disposez de la version 1. If you already have VS Code installed, you need to ensure that you have the 1. Le saviez-vous? Let's create a new project directory on our Linux Ubuntu file system that we will then work on with Linux apps and tools using VS Code. Fermez VS Code et ouvrez Ubuntu Close VS Code and open Ubuntu In your Ubuntu command line, navigate to where you want to put your project, and create a directory for it: mkdir HelloWorld.

An important thing to remember when using Windows Subsystem for Linux WSL is that you are now working between two different file systems: 1 your Windows file system, and 2 your Linux file system WSL , which is Ubuntu for our example. You will need to pay attention to where you install packages and store files. You can install one version of a tool or package in the Windows file system and a completely different version in the Linux file system.

Updating the tool in the Windows file system will have no effect on the tool in the Linux file system, and vice-versa. Vous pouvez accéder à vos fichiers Windows à partir du terminal Ubuntu et utiliser des applications et des outils Linux sur ces fichiers, et vice-versa. You can access your Windows files from the Ubuntu terminal and use Linux apps and tools on those files and vice-versa.

We recommend working in the Linux file system for Python web development given that much of the web tooling is originally written for Linux and deployed in a Linux production environment. Il évite également de mélanger la sémantique du système de fichiers comme le fait que Windows ne respecte pas la casse dans les noms de fichiers. It also avoids mixing file system semantics like Windows being case-insensitive regarding file names.

That said, WSL now supports jumping between the Linux and Windows files systems, so you can host your files on either one. Ubuntu Nous devons toujours installer pip, le gestionnaire de package standard pour Python, et venv, le module standard utilisé pour créer et gérer des environnements virtuels légers. We will still need to install pip, the standard package manager for Python, and venv, the standard module used to create and manage lightweight virtual environments.

Vérifiez que Python3 est déjà installé en ouvrant votre terminal Ubuntu et en saisissant ce qui suit : python3 --version. Confirm that Python3 is already installed by opening your Ubuntu terminal and entering: python3 --version. Le numéro de votre version de Python devrait vous être renvoyé. This should return your Python version number. Installez pip en saisissant sudo apt install python3-pip.

Install pip by entering: sudo apt install python3-pip. Pip allows you to install and manage additional packages that are not part of the Python standard library. Installez venv en saisissant la chaîne sudo apt install python3-venv. Install venv by entering: sudo apt install python3-venv. Using virtual environments is a recommended best practice for Python development projects.

En créant un environnement virtuel, vous pouvez isoler vos outils de projet et éviter les conflits de contrôle de version avec les outils associés à vos autres projets. By creating a virtual environment, you can isolate your project tools and avoid versioning conflicts with tools for your other projects. For example, you may be maintaining an an older web project that requires the Django 1.

If you update Django globally, outside of a virtual environment, you could run into some versioning issues later on. In addition to preventing accidental versioning conflicts, virtual environments let you install and manage packages without administrative privileges. Open your terminal and, inside your HelloWorld project folder, use the following command to create a virtual environment named. To activate the virtual environment, enter: source.

If it worked, you should see. You now have a self-contained environment ready for writing code and installing packages. When you're finished with your virtual environment, enter the following command to deactivate it: deactivate.

We recommend creating the virtual environment inside the directory in which you plan to have your project. Since each project should have it's own separate directory, each will have it's own virtual environment, so there is not a need for unique naming. Our suggestion is to use the name. Certains outils tels que pipenv ont également ce nom par défaut si vous les installez dans le répertoire de votre projet.

Some tools like pipenv also default to this name if you install into your project directory. You don't want to use. We generally do not recommend non-dot-leading names, as you don't need ls constantly reminding you that the directory exists. We also recommend adding. Here is GitHub's default gitignore template for Python for reference. This allows you to use WSL as your integrated development environment. Ouvrez votre dossier de projet dans VS Code à partir de votre terminal Ubuntu en saisissant la chaîne code.

Open your project folder in VS Code from your Ubuntu terminal by entering: code. Fermez votre terminal Ubuntu. Close your Ubuntu terminal. This will open a bash WSL command-line opened to the project folder path that you created in your Ubuntu terminal.

Les extensions déjà installées localement sur VS Code ne seront pas automatiquement disponibles. Extensions already installed locally on VS Code will not automatically be available. Dans la zone Rechercher des extensions dans Marketplace, entrez : Python. In the top Search Extensions in Marketplace box, enter: Python. Find the Python ms-python. Once the extension is finished installing, you will need to select the blue Reload Required button.

Python is an interpreted language and supports different types of interpretors Python2, Anaconda, PyPy, etc. VS Code should default to the interpreter associated with your project. Cette opération affiche une liste des interpréteurs Python que vous avez installés actuellement. This will display a list of the Python interpreters that you currently have installed.

En savoir plus sur la configuration des environnements Python. Learn more about configuring Python environments. Let's create and run a simple Python program as a test and ensure that we have the correct Python interpreter selected. Créez un fichier Python en saisissant la chaîne touch test. Create a python file by entering: touch test. You should see the file you just created appear in your Explorer window under the.

Sélectionnez le fichier test. Select the test. Because the.

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